All countries have committed to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030. This includes the commitment to end the Aids epidemic as a public health threat. Yet with just eleven years to go, it is a mixed picture. In many countries, great progress continues to expand access to HIV treatment and prevention options that are, in turn, reducing Aids-related deaths and new HIV infections. But there are still far too many countries where Aids-related deaths and new infections are not decreasing fast enough, even rising in some cases, even though we know how to stop the virus.